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tv   [untitled]    May 5, 2012 11:30pm-12:00am EDT

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columbia and savannah and these people still possess the gold dollar. it's amazing. that story stayed. and it's totally believable. there's nothing to disprove it. but it fits. buying some fresh bread for the general's commissary. and these are all artifacts off the field. again, a number of the items are items we recovered with the national dead. you see an ovm belt plate, ohio volunteer militia. you see jackknifes. almost everybody had a knife of some type. some of them have big bowie knives like many of the confederates. the buttons are off the field, collected off the field. some of them would have come up with the war dead. this exhibit always attracts attention. people just sate there and look at all that stuff throughout their touring around. but indeed a witness to shiloh
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would be this grimsley saddle holste holsters, belt, scabbard and sword carried by major john mcferrin, who was in the 70th ohio infantry serving in sherman's division, assigned to ralph bucklin's brigade. so that would have been on his horse as he participated in the battle. 70th saw significant action. but he would be dead in october 1862 from fever. the majority of the artillery rounds all have provenance to shiloh, recovered through the years from the battlefield, representative of the types of explosive rounds or solid shot utilized here. about half of grant's artillery was rifled artillery. smooth bore. the confederates predominantly smooth bore artillery, about 85%.
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two gunboats in play at the battle of shiloh. u.s. tyler and lexington. wooden gunboats, in fact. large eight-inchuns and 32-pounders. served well in defense of the left of grant's last line. and then they fired salvos into the confederate-held camps throughout the night of the 6th on into the morning of the 7th. shrapnel from the gunboat fire found on the battlefield. we found shrapnel as far as three miles inland from pittsburg landing. the drum, don't know a great deal about the story behind the drum. it's one of the early things donated to the park. but cited as being recovered from the battlefield or near the battlefield. perhaps abandoned by retreating
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forces. and then preserved all these years here at shiloh to be utilized as part of the exhibits. drummers played a special role in the military organization. the drum was communication. think of it was 19th century walkie-talkie. beats on that drum told the men in the regiment certain things to do. it called them to breakfast. it woke them up in the morning. it put them to sleep at night. various beats of the drum told them to do different things in formation. they could even fire by the beat of the drum. load and fire by the beat of the drum. there's all kinds of things the drums were used for, and they were used for communication. music was an important part of their life. but a drummer assigned to an infantry regiment served a communication role. hence, they were always near the officers so they could issue the commands by drum necessary for
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the troops. we've left the battlefield visitor's center and moved to our collection -- museum collection storage facility. in here will be the elements of the collection retained at shiloh that are on exhibit as well as the archival documents. the majority of these archival documents relate to the park's administrative history. so they're associated with the development established of the park or the national cemetery. not necessarily specific to the civil war, although we have a few documents relative to the civil war. and we have them divided up in the building here with the archived documents stored here in this room. and arranged in a different series. these would also include photographs in this collection.
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all right. let's pull these out, see what we've got here. for many of these we do have the glass plate negatives for. here's 1895 veterans reunion at shiloh. that picture being taken out by shiloh and ray springs just underneath shiloh church. here's a photograph of them around the spring. these would all have been veterans and their families. from this time frame through, say, the mid 1930s, pretty regular reunions being held here. at the battlefield. step into the other compartment.
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the battle opened up when the combat patrol sent out by everett peabody under the command of major james pal, three companies of the 25th missouri and two companies of the 12th michigan infantry, participated in the first fighting in the battle of shiloh out in frehley field. and the first known participant of the battle named, recorded as wounded was a frederick klingler of the 25th missouri infantry. this is klingler's sword and the metal components of the associated scabbard. and this has an inscription on it. the bearer of this sword, if jay klingler, lieutenant, company b, 25th missouri infantry, was the first officer wounded sunday
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morning, 4:45, would have been a.m., in the battle of shiloh and remained 2 1/2 days on the battlefield. so this is klingler's sword that he would have carried with him into combat. and then subsequent ly retained and it would be inscribed. this was one of the newest pieces of the park collection donated to the park. i hope to get this on permanent display soon because it's so iconic with a very prominent part of the shiloh story, the opening of the battle. and to have it returned here. and be able to share this with the public is quite unique. this hall rifle, a series of these were issued to mississippi
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troops and a corant. we hope to get this on display ought our corant facility. it's owned by a man in corinth, mississippi. we have it here until we can design the proper exhibit for it. something kind of unique that -- it's pretty fragile. because at some point in time it was torn before it came to us -- is a photograph reportedly found in the grave of an unknown soldier lying in the national cemetery. so this wartime grave apparently
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had this image. i think this image has been remounted on this backing. but the specific way in which this was recovered, who's cited as an unknown, is grave 757 in the national cemetery. so this would be an image of a sweetheart, maybe wife, of that individual who died here unfortunately the remains were not identified either at the time of burial or upon exhumation. and so simply another question mark. who's the unknown soldier, and who's the sweetheart. i guess you could say god only knows. kind of a unique item to come out with the dead. you saw the jackknifes and some other personal items like pipes and things. and to see an image, a photograph come out. let's see. what have we got sneer more.
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these are more items collected from the national dead exhumed here. the vast majority of them. these were kind of neat. and these were rings that would have been buried with their owne owners. apparent wedding bands that would have been with the physical remains upon exhumation that were collected. the pipes in particular. items that would have been buried with their owner. insignia on the cap or hat of the suts infantry soldier. the item didn't survive the hat but the medal did. in recent archaeology on the kepi we found the buckle for the leather strap and the two side buttons. and they were in the ground
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where the cap would have sat and deteriorated. and all that was there was the buckle. and the buttons still in the orientation they would have been at the time that the cap was either dropped there or just lied there. it's amazing. 1999. yeah. i think it's 1999. summer of 1999. it all started in the spring of 1999. >> it was brought to our attention at a new site in the park service, kane river location, in nacogdoches, louisiana, that a family, long living at that area, even before the civil war, had upon the retreat of nathaniel banks' army during the red river campaign of 1864, spring of 1864, the united states army had left a large amount of baggage and equipage. and the family went out and
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recovered this. amongst it were two civil war tents. one of those tints was a sibley tent, designed by henry hopkins sibley. it's based on a plains indian tepee pattern. the family had had these tents in their possession since recovering at that point in time. one of them's a wall tent, and then this is the sibley tent. remarkably, it is now known there are only two sebly tents in the american civil war in existence in the world. one in each hemisphere of mother earth. this one is in our hemisphere and in possession of the american people now. this tent in recent negotiations with the smithsonian institute
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will be traveling to washington for potential display at the national african-american museum in the civil war exhibit of the african-american experience in the civil war. so that we're excited about that. the conservation and the exhibition of tents is very difficult. they're quite large. this is a huge tent. and they've got all kinds of issues on their display because they're heavy, they're cumbersome. we're talking about old canvas and we're talking about old threads. stress points are weak, and they're going to be strained more with the exhibition. so we are making available the sibley on loan for the exhibit. it's going to be conserved. so it's going to receive some much-needed cleaning. but we're excited that it will be in front of the public at least for a temporary exhibit, maybe a year's time frame and
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they'll be able to get some benefit from it. henry sibley got the pattern for these in 1850s. the mid 1850s. they were first used in the utah expedition, commanded by albert sidney johnston of the united states army in 1856, 1857 time frame through 1858. and overall it appears that roughly 44,000 of the tents produced. now, unfortunately, sybily, who had worked out a relationship where he would receive about $5 per tent made, joined the confederate states army. so he never recovered any money from the manufacturer of the ten tents. we're excited about this object going on display, receiving some conservation treatment, and then maybe before it returns to shiloh we may be able to work out a plan where we're going to get it displayed here. we're going to have to have a
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complete exhibit overhaul to do anything with it here. this is probably the most unks item, bar none, considering there's only one like it in the western hemisphere. the other one of all placesize in copenhagen, denmark. and then the wall tent. you count the wall tent in the sibley, the park in its collection holds about half the civil war tentage that remains on the earth. that's amazing. this is the second tent that we received. it's the wall tent. it's your standard wall tent. you can see where it's been patched. some of the patches are probably associated with the use the family made of these tents through the years. they also show some minor tenar in these tents from them being
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used. you can see these all require some sort of patching up if there's ever a design to put this one on display as well. but i understand that they continue to use these tents through the years to get them out in the summertime and have sleepovers and have campouts and barbecues and then put these tents up and made use of them, which if i had the same thing i think i'd make use of them, too. and then when the new site was being established there they contacted the park service about the possibility of getting them in a repository. and when it was realized we had two surviving civil war tents, the word went out to civil war sites, if anybody was interested. and we were. and we come up with the chunk of change to buy two tents for the people of the united states.
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these objects are meant to impart a linkage, a tie to that period. these tents were slept in by actual soldiers. they were actually moved, stored, carried, transported by physical beings of that time frame. that's why the items are that linkage. they don't exist today because like us in our future we will pass unto time they have passed unto time but these objects have survived. two tents, of that of what exhibit in the world from the civil war time frame are here. they're accidents of survival and they're heerd to impart appreciation and understanding of a different time and different people. >> you can watch this or other american artifacts programs anytime by visiting our website, c-span.org/history. and watch "american artifacts" every sunday at 8:00 a.m., 7:00
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p.m., and 10:00 p.m. eastern here on c-span 3. all weekend long american history tv is in oklahoma city, oklahoma to explore its history. you're watching american history tv. 48 hours of people and events telling the american story. >> my name's bill parks. welcome in to the state capitol of oklahoma. i've spent a little bit of time taking a look at a very beautiful building. start here with solomon layton, who was the principal architect on the capitol. this is a 1915 drawing of the capital. and i show this to folks just so they understand the dome really was a part of the plan in the beginning. the building was built without the dome between 1914 and 1917. did not build the dome then because they ran out of money. but they had built all of the supporting substructure for the
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dome. so when we got around to building the dome, beginning in 2001, we were able just to start at the roof line and go up. the base of the building is covered with pink and black granite that comes from indiana. white indiana limestone on the main part. the dome's covered with a manmade stone, and that's how they were able to match the building as well as they did. the floors of the capital are alabama marble. chosen for its durability. you'll see vermont marble in the baseboards. you'll see it in steps. you'll see it in pillars throughout the building. through the efforts of senator charles ford we have added some 100 new pieces of artwork throughout the capital. and he's very quick to add at no cost to the state of oklahoma. this particular piece is by wayne cooper. it's called the magic of petroleum. and they're taking water that
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has oil in it to make medicine for arthritis and other diseases. this is governor mary fallon's office. governor fallon is not only the first woman, she was also the first and the first republican lieutenant governor in 1995. and right around the corner from her office, lieutenant governor todd lamb's office. they were elected separately so they could be of different political parties. they are both republicans this time around and both are elected for a four-year term. this is the guardian. one of our form he state senators. senator haney is a full blood seminole creek indian. this statue represents all of the indians of oklahoma. there are 39 tribes that have headquarters in oklahoma. at the general populations, probably something in the
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neighbor of 60 tribes. he has driven the spear through his ground. he says that means he is staying to protect the state capitol. >> is this an simmage of a particular person? >> no. it is as generic as he could make it so it represented all of the indians of oklahoma rather than a particular person or even a particular tribe. >> where is this? >> this is the hall of governors. we have a bust of each of the former governors. all of them except for the one on the right were done by leonard mcmurray for our 75th statehood anniversary in 1982. of the governors, he is probably my favorite. he has more stories to be told about him than any other
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governor i think in the group. he was the president of the constitutional convention. he was the first speaker of the house of representatives. he had to wait a while before he got to the gone. in the four years before he was governor, he called out the national guard more than 40 times. more than all the rest of them put together. there was a free bridge built across the red river to texas. the folks that had the toll bridges kept that brimming closed. he took the national guard down and they open the free bridge and closed the toll bridge. during his administration, the price of oil drop to 18 cents a barrel. and he said we're not pumping oil until it goes back to at least $1. the one that i get a big kick out of is the problem we had with people scalping football tickets at the university of oklahoma. on football weekends, he was sending part of the guard to norman to be sure nobody made money on their football tickets.
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20 years after he was governor, his son, johnston, was governor. and they're the only father and son governor so far. i think it is ironic that bill opened that free bridge, johnston opened oklahoma's first turnpike. the paining beyond the centennial by carlos, very different in style from all the rest of the artwork in the capitol. but it has a lot of oklahoma symbolism in it. first of all, the big red figure in the middle represents the universal man or all oklahomans. and oklahoma is two chocktaw words that mean red man. there's the red man. you have the indian blanket. that's our state tree. and that's our state bird. by his other hand, an astronaut.
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there have been more astronauts go into space from oklahoma than any other state in the union. owing's legislature meet the first monday of february. has to be finished by the last friday of may so they're in session four months out of the year. we had 48 state senators elected for four years. the lieutenant governor is the president of the senate but not active in that role. probably in 70 years now. the president pro temperature really is the leader. and a little bit of our history from 1907 until 2006. the democrats had the majority. so the pro tem was a democrat. they elected a democrat and a republican and they alternated days as to who was conducting the business of the senate. i thought if the lieutenant governor ever was going to be involved, that would be it. it turned out the first year of
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that session, there were no tie votes at all. in the second year, there were only four. so they really made that situation work. the picture is the constitutional convention. there were 112 men from indian territory and the region that gathered there. in the center case we have the original oklahoma state constitution. 110 pages long making it the longest state constitution in the country, as it was originally written. i like to compare it to the united states constitution. in its original form, it was four pages long. william muiry that probably 40 of the first 48 sections should have been opportunity by the legislature. section 17. roughly half of the document is the description of county boundaries, the names of the
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county seats and the method for changing county boundaries. probably will not find that in another constitution in the country. then over here we have the great seal that was used when the capital was in guthrie. i believe it was not stealing because we did have an election in 1910. the people voted to move it from guthrie to oklahoma city. the story about the state sale, several versions of that story and all of them seemed to say in the middle of the night. the truth was they had car trouble. they didn't get there until the next morning and brought the seal back that next day. this is the supreme court of the state of oklahoma. originally five justices elected by the people.
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today there are nine and they are pointed by the governor. once they are pointed in the next general election, there name will be on the ballot and we vote whether to retain them for six years. and then every six years after that, their name will be on the ballot. the wood work is solid mahogany ill ported from the west indies in 1916. the pillars are one piece of solid vermont marble. each these weighs about 10,000 pounds. brought it on the railroad because that was the way to move thing in the 1910s. the ceiling and the decorative places along the wall. that's cast plaster done by mcnulty brothers of chicago. the supreme court meets mondays and thursdays. this division of the court does not meet in the courtroom very often. most of their work is based on
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written records so they meet in a conference room. only when they have a case with a lot of public interest will they meet here in the courtroom. this room will handle 2,000 cases per year. most of the work is how the lower courts are doing their work so it is not the kind of thing where you have to have oral arguments. a lot of it can be handled just on paper. >> is it common to have the supreme court housed in the capitol building? >> my understanding is until the people of the court moved out last summer, that we were one of the very few states where all three branches of government were still in the capital building. so apparently, it is unusual for the supreme court to be housed in the capitol. >> the great seal has a lot of our history in it. there are 45 small stars.
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stand for the 45 states before oklahoma. the tribes that were forced to come to indian territory. the chicksaw, chocktaw, seminole creek and cherokee. inside the greenery, the farmer and the indian shaking hands makes a good picture of the combining of oklahoma territory and indian territory to make the state of oklahoma in 1907. we're on the fourth floor rotunda. this is your best look at the dome. everything above that line was completed in october of 2002. so we've had a dome on our capitol about nine years now. >> how long did it take for them to add the dome? >> 16 months. it started in april

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